Philodendron Bipennifolium

How to Grow and Care for Philodendron Bipennifolium: A Comprehensive Guide

Learn how to grow and care for Philodendron Bipennifolium in this detailed guide. Discover expert tips and insights for nurturing this beautiful plant.


Philodendron Bipennifolium, commonly known as the Horsehead Philodendron, is a stunning tropical houseplant that has gained popularity among plant enthusiasts for its unique foliage and relatively easy care requirements. In this comprehensive guide, we will take you through the steps to successfully cultivate and maintain this beautiful plant, ensuring it thrives in your home. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced plant enthusiast, you’ll find valuable insights and tips in this article.

Philodendron Bipennifolium 1

Philodendron Bipennifolium Taxonomy

Kingdom: Plantae 

Phylum: Angiosperms 

Class: Eudicots 

Order: Alismatales 

Family: Araceae 

Genus: Philodendron 

Species: Bipennifolium

How to Grow and Care for Philodendron Bipennifolium

Choosing the Right Location

Choosing the perfect location for your Philodendron Bipennifolium is a crucial step that can significantly influence its overall well-being and growth. This elegant plant, with its unique foliage, requires the right balance of light to thrive. Let’s delve deeper into the factors to consider when selecting the optimal spot for your Philodendron Bipennifolium.

1. Light Requirement: Philodendron Bipennifolium is particularly sensitive to light. It thrives in bright, indirect sunlight. This means you should aim to place it in a location where it can receive ample natural light but not direct sun exposure.

2. Indirect Sunlight: Bright, indirect sunlight refers to the kind of light that filters through curtains or blinds, creating a soft, diffused glow. It’s the type of light you often find near a sunny window but not directly in the path of the sun’s rays.

3. Avoiding Direct Sun: One of the most crucial points to remember is to shield your Philodendron Bipennifolium from direct sunlight. Direct sun can be intense and harsh, causing the plant’s leaves to scorch and potentially leading to irreversible damage.

4. Filtered Light: If you have a south-facing window with strong sunlight, consider placing a sheer curtain or blinds to filter the light. This way, you can create the perfect balance of brightness without exposing your plant to the risk of sunburn.

5. Rotating Your Plant: To ensure uniform growth, it’s a good practice to rotate your Philodendron Bipennifolium periodically. This helps all sides of the plant receive adequate light and prevents it from leaning or reaching excessively towards the light source.

6. Observation: Pay attention to how your plant responds to its location. If you notice that the leaves are becoming discolored or showing signs of stress, it may be an indication that the lighting conditions need adjustment.

Selecting the Right Pot and Soil

Selecting the right pot and soil for your Philodendron Bipennifolium is fundamental to its overall well-being and successful growth. Let’s delve into the considerations for pot selection and the ideal soil composition for your precious plant.

1. Pot Selection: When choosing a pot for your Philodendron Bipennifolium, prioritize one that offers effective drainage. This feature is essential to prevent overwatering, which can be detrimental to the plant’s health. Opt for a pot with drainage holes at the bottom to ensure excess water can escape, reducing the risk of root rot.

2. Soil Composition: Philodendron Bipennifolium thrives in well-draining potting soil. The key is to maintain a soil mix that allows water to pass through easily, preventing waterlogged roots. An ideal soil mixture for your Philodendron Bipennifolium consists of:

  • Peat Moss: This organic material helps retain moisture while also providing essential nutrients to the plant. It contributes to a well-balanced soil structure.
  • Perlite: Perlite is a lightweight, porous material that enhances soil aeration and drainage. It prevents the soil from compacting and becoming too dense.
  • Orchid Bark: Adding a bit of orchid bark to the mix further improves aeration and assists in maintaining an airy soil structure. It mimics the natural habitat of the plant’s native environment.

3. Preparing the Soil: When potting your Philodendron Bipennifolium, ensure you’ve mixed these components in the right proportions. A common mix is two parts peat moss, one part perlite, and a small amount of orchid bark. This blend provides an ideal balance of moisture retention and drainage.

4. Repotting: As your Philodendron Bipennifolium grows, it may outgrow its current pot. When this happens, consider repotting it into a slightly larger container with the same well-draining soil mixture. Repotting should typically be done every 2-3 years or when the roots become crowded.

5. Assessing Drainage: After potting, make sure your chosen pot allows excess water to escape freely. Ensure the pot is raised slightly above the saucer or surface it’s placed on to prevent water accumulation.

Watering Your Philodendron

Maintaining the correct moisture level is a critical aspect of caring for your Philodendron Bipennifolium. Overwatering can be detrimental, leading to root rot and other issues, while underwatering can cause stress to the plant. Let’s explore the best practices for watering your Philodendron Bipennifolium to ensure its health and vitality.

1. Soil Moisture Assessment: To determine when it’s time to water your Philodendron Bipennifolium, always begin by checking the soil’s moisture level. Insert your finger into the soil up to about an inch deep. If the top inch feels dry to the touch, it’s a sign that your plant is ready for a drink.

2. Watering Technique: When it’s time to water, do so thoroughly but gently. Ensure that water reaches the root zone, but avoid flooding the soil. Water evenly around the pot’s surface to distribute moisture evenly.

3. Drainage is Key: It’s crucial to use a pot with proper drainage holes and well-draining soil, as mentioned earlier. This setup allows excess water to escape, preventing waterlogged roots, a common issue with Philodendron Bipennifolium.

4. Avoid Overwatering: Overwatering is a common mistake when caring for houseplants. Watering too frequently or in excessive amounts can lead to stagnant water in the soil, depriving the roots of oxygen and promoting root rot.

5. Signs of Overwatering: If you notice yellowing leaves, wilting, or a foul odor coming from the soil, these may be indications of overwatering. In such cases, allow the soil to dry out before watering again.

6. Humidity Matters: Keep in mind that the humidity level in your home can affect your plant’s water needs. In drier conditions, your Philodendron Bipennifolium may require more frequent watering, so be attentive to changes in your home’s environment.

7. Seasonal Adjustments: During the growing season (spring and summer), your plant will likely need more frequent watering than in the dormant season (fall and winter). Adjust your watering schedule accordingly.

Humidity and Temperature

Philodendron Bipennifolium, hailing from tropical regions, thrives when it is provided with the right levels of humidity and temperature. To ensure your plant flourishes in an environment that mimics its natural habitat, follow these guidelines for maintaining the ideal humidity and temperature conditions:

1. Humidity:

  • Tropical Origins: Philodendron Bipennifolium naturally grows in humid tropical environments. To replicate these conditions, it’s essential to maintain a relative humidity level of around 40% to 60%.
  • Humidity Tray: One effective way to increase humidity around your plant is by placing it on a humidity tray. Fill a shallow tray with water and pebbles, and position your pot on top of the pebbles. As the water evaporates, it will create a more humid microclimate around your plant.
  • Room Humidifier: Another option is to use a room humidifier, especially during dry seasons or in homes with low humidity levels. This device can help maintain the required humidity around your Philodendron Bipennifolium.

2. Temperature:

  • Optimal Range: Philodendron Bipennifolium thrives within a specific temperature range. Ideally, keep the room temperature between 65°F to 80°F (18°C to 27°C) to ensure optimal growth and health.
  • Avoid Drastic Fluctuations: Try to avoid exposing your plant to sudden temperature fluctuations, drafts, or cold drafts from windows or doors. These extremes can stress the plant and hinder its development.


Fertilizing your Philodendron Bipennifolium is a vital aspect of its care regimen, as it provides the plant with essential nutrients to support healthy growth and vibrant foliage. To ensure your plant thrives, follow these guidelines for fertilizing your Philodendron Bipennifolium effectively:

1. Fertilizer Type:

  • Balanced Liquid Fertilizer: Opt for a well-balanced liquid fertilizer with a balanced N-P-K (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium) ratio. This balanced formula ensures that your plant receives a complete range of nutrients for optimal development.

2. Feeding Schedule:

  • Growing Season (Spring and Summer): During the active growing season, which typically occurs in the spring and summer months, feed your Philodendron Bipennifolium with a diluted balanced liquid fertilizer every 2-4 weeks. Dilute the fertilizer to half the recommended strength to avoid over-fertilization, which can harm the plant.
  • Winter Dormancy: In the winter months, when your plant enters a period of dormancy and growth slows down, reduce or suspend fertilization. The plant’s nutrient requirements decrease during this time, and excessive fertilization can lead to nutrient buildup in the soil.

3. Application Method:

  • Root Zone: Apply the diluted fertilizer solution directly to the soil around the base of your Philodendron Bipennifolium. Ensure that the fertilizer is evenly distributed in the potting mix.
  • Avoid Foliar Feeding: It’s generally best to avoid foliar feeding (spraying the fertilizer on the leaves) for Philodendron Bipennifolium. These plants primarily absorb nutrients through their roots, so focus on delivering nutrients to the soil.

4. Monitoring:

  • Visual Assessment: Keep a close eye on your plant’s growth and foliage. If you notice any signs of nutrient deficiencies, such as yellowing leaves or slow growth, it may indicate that your plant requires more frequent or slightly stronger fertilization.
  • Adjust as Needed: Be flexible with your fertilization schedule and adjust it based on your plant’s specific needs. Every plant is unique, and factors like light intensity and pot size can influence its nutrient requirements.

Pruning and Maintenance

Regular pruning and maintenance are essential tasks to ensure that your Philodendron Bipennifolium maintains its stunning appearance and continues to thrive. Pruning not only helps with aesthetics but also promotes a healthy and vigorous plant. Here’s how to go about it:

1. Pruning Benefits:

  • Shape Maintenance: Pruning allows you to shape your Philodendron Bipennifolium, encouraging a more attractive and balanced appearance. You can control its growth and prevent it from becoming overly leggy or unruly.
  • Remove Dead or Yellowing Leaves: Pruning is an excellent way to remove any dead, damaged, or yellowing leaves. These leaves not only detract from the plant’s beauty but can also harbor pests or diseases. Removing them keeps your plant healthy.

2. Pruning Tools:

  • Clean, Sharp Scissors or Pruning Shears: It’s crucial to use clean and sharp cutting tools to avoid damaging the plant. Blunt or dirty tools can create ragged cuts, making the plant more susceptible to infections.

3. Pruning Technique:

  • Identify What to Prune: Start by identifying the areas of your Philodendron Bipennifolium that need pruning. Focus on leggy stems, damaged leaves, or any sections that appear overcrowded.
  • Make Clean Cuts: When you’re ready to prune, make clean cuts just above a leaf node. A leaf node is the point where a leaf meets the stem. Cutting just above a node encourages new growth at that point.
  • Angle Your Cuts: For a neater appearance, angle your cuts at a 45-degree angle away from the node. This can help prevent water from pooling on the cut surface.

4. Frequency:

  • Regular Check-ups: It’s a good practice to regularly inspect your Philodendron Bipennifolium for any pruning needs. Check for dead or damaged leaves and address them promptly.
  • Avoid Over-Pruning: While pruning is beneficial, avoid overdoing it. Removing too many leaves or stems at once can stress the plant. Prune selectively and gradually to maintain a balance.

5. Pruning During Repotting: If you decide to repot your Philodendron Bipennifolium, consider pruning it at the same time. This can help refresh the plant and encourage new growth in its new container.


Philodendron Bipennifolium

If you’ve fallen in love with your Philodendron Bipennifolium and wish to share its beauty or expand your plant collection, propagation is an excellent way to do so. Luckily, propagating Philodendron Bipennifolium is a relatively straightforward process. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to propagate this stunning plant:

1. Gather Your Materials:

  • Sharp Pruning Shears or Scissors: You’ll need clean and sharp cutting tools to ensure a clean cut.
  • Small Pots or Containers: You’ll need containers for your cuttings, whether you choose soil or water propagation.
  • Potting Mix (if propagating in soil): Use a well-draining potting mix with a blend of peat moss, perlite, and a bit of orchid bark.

2. Choose the Right Time:

  • Spring or Early Summer: The best time to propagate your Philodendron Bipennifolium is during the active growing season, which typically falls in the spring or early summer.

3. Select Healthy Cuttings:

  • Choose a Stem Cutting: Identify a healthy stem on your mature Philodendron Bipennifolium to use as a cutting. Ensure it has at least one leaf and a node. The node is a small bump on the stem where leaves and roots grow from.
  • Cutting Length: Using your sharp shears or scissors, make a clean cut just below a node on the selected stem. The cutting should be around 4-6 inches in length.

4. Propagation Method:

  • Water Propagation: Place the cutting in a container of water, submerging the node but allowing the leaf to remain above the water surface. Change the water regularly to keep it fresh.
  • Soil Propagation: Insert the cutting into a pot filled with well-draining potting mix. Ensure the node is buried in the soil, while the leaf remains above the surface.

5. Provide the Right Conditions:

  • Light: Place your cuttings in a location with bright, indirect light. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can stress the newly propagated plant.
  • Humidity: Maintain a moderately humid environment around your cuttings. Using a humidity dome or covering them with a clear plastic bag can help create the necessary humidity.

6. Wait for Rooting:

  • Water Propagation: In water, roots should start to develop within a few weeks. Once you see substantial root growth (several inches long), you can transplant the cutting into soil.
  • Soil Propagation: In soil, roots will also form within a few weeks. Gently tug on the cutting to check for resistance, indicating that it has rooted.

7. Transplanting:

  • Move to Larger Pots: Once your propagated Philodendron Bipennifolium has developed a healthy root system, transplant it into a larger pot with the same well-draining potting mix used for mature plants.

Common Pests and Problems

While caring for your Philodendron Bipennifolium, it’s essential to remain vigilant and attentive to potential issues that may arise, including common pests. Two of the most frequent culprits are mealybugs and spider mites. Here’s how to identify and deal with these problems effectively:

1. Mealybugs:

  • Identification: Mealybugs are small, soft-bodied insects covered in white, cottony wax. They tend to cluster on the undersides of leaves, leaf joints, or along the stems.
  • Damage: Mealybugs feed on the plant’s sap, causing leaves to yellow, wilt, and distort. A heavy infestation can weaken your Philodendron Bipennifolium.
  • Treatment: To combat mealybugs, treat your plant with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Apply the solution directly to the affected areas, ensuring thorough coverage. Repeat the treatment as needed until the infestation is under control.

2. Spider Mites:

  • Identification: Spider mites are tiny arachnids that can be challenging to see with the naked eye. Look for fine webbing on the plant and tiny specks that move when disturbed.
  • Damage: Spider mites feed on plant sap by piercing the leaves, causing stippling, yellowing, and eventually browning of the leaves. They can reproduce rapidly in dry conditions.
  • Treatment: Combat spider mites by regularly misting your Philodendron Bipennifolium to increase humidity. Additionally, use insecticidal soap or neem oil to treat affected areas. Pay close attention to the undersides of leaves, where these pests often hide. Repeat treatments until the infestation is eradicated.

3. Prevention:

  • Regular Inspection: To prevent infestations, inspect your Philodendron Bipennifolium regularly. Look for any signs of pests, such as webs, sticky residue (honeydew), or distorted leaves.
  • Isolation: If you bring a new plant into your collection, consider isolating it for a few weeks to ensure it doesn’t introduce pests to your other plants.
  • Maintain Humidity: Maintaining a moderately humid environment can deter spider mites and certain other pests. Use a humidity tray or room humidifier as needed.
  • Quarantine: If you do notice an infestation, consider quarantining the affected plant to prevent the spread of pests to your other houseplants.
Philodendron Bipennifolium


Can I Grow Philodendron Bipennifolium Outdoors?

Absolutely! While Philodendron Bipennifolium is commonly grown as a houseplant, it can also thrive outdoors in regions with a suitable climate. Just ensure it’s placed in a shaded or partially shaded area to protect it from direct sunlight.

How Do I Know When to Water My Philodendron Bipennifolium?

A general rule of thumb is to water your Philodendron Bipennifolium when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Be sure not to overwater, as this can lead to root rot. It’s always better to err on the side of underwatering, as this plant is more forgiving of dry soil than overly wet conditions.

What Kind of Soil Is Best for Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Philodendron Bipennifolium prefers well-draining potting soil. A mix of peat moss, perlite, and a bit of orchid bark is an excellent choice. This blend ensures adequate drainage, preventing waterlogged roots.

How Do I Propagate Philodendron Bipennifolium?

You can easily propagate Philodendron Bipennifolium from stem cuttings. Choose a healthy stem with at least one leaf and a node. Place the cutting in water or well-draining soil, maintain proper humidity, and it will root in a few weeks.

What Is the Ideal Temperature Range for Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Maintain the room temperature between 65°F to 80°F (18°C to 27°C) for optimal growth. Avoid exposing it to extreme cold or drafts, as this can stress the plant.

Is Fertilization Necessary, and How Often Should I Feed My Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Yes, fertilization is essential during the growing season (spring and summer). Use a balanced liquid fertilizer every 2-4 weeks, diluted to half the recommended strength. Reduce or suspend fertilization during the winter dormancy when the plant’s growth slows.

How Do I Prune My Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Regularly prune your Philodendron Bipennifolium to maintain its shape and remove dead or yellowing leaves. Use clean, sharp scissors or pruning shears, and make clean cuts just above a leaf node.

What Are Common Pests That Affect Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Two common pests are mealybugs and spider mites. Mealybugs appear as white, cottony clusters, while spider mites are tiny and create fine webbing. Treat these pests with insecticidal soap or neem oil.

Can I Increase Humidity for My Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Yes, you can increase humidity by misting the plant, placing it on a humidity tray, or using a room humidifier. This helps mimic its natural tropical habitat and supports healthy growth.

Is Philodendron Bipennifolium Toxic to Pets?

Yes, Philodendron Bipennifolium contains calcium oxalate crystals, which can be toxic to pets if ingested. Keep it out of reach of curious animals and seek veterinary help if ingestion is suspected.

How Often Should I Repot My Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Repot your Philodendron Bipennifolium every 2-3 years or when it outgrows its current pot. Spring is an ideal time for repotting. Use a slightly larger pot with the same well-draining soil mix.

Can I Grow Multiple Philodendron Bipennifoliums Together?

Yes, you can grow multiple Philodendron Bipennifolium plants together in the same pot or in close proximity, as long as they have enough space. Just ensure that each plant has adequate access to light and doesn’t become overcrowded.

Are There Different Varieties of Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Yes, there are several varieties of Philodendron Bipennifolium, each with its unique leaf patterns and colors. Some may have variegated leaves, while others feature shades of green and silver.

How Can I Enhance the Aesthetic Appeal of My Philodendron Bipennifolium?

To enhance the visual appeal of your Philodendron Bipennifolium, you can use decorative pots, trellises, or plant stands to showcase its unique foliage. Grouping it with other houseplants can also create a visually appealing indoor garden.

Can I Use Philodendron Bipennifolium for Air Purification?

Yes, like many other houseplants, Philodendron Bipennifolium can help improve indoor air quality by filtering out pollutants. Its lush foliage contributes to a healthier living environment.

What Should I Do If My Philodendron Bipennifolium Leaves Turn Yellow?

Yellowing leaves can be a sign of overwatering, underwatering, or nutrient deficiencies. Check the soil moisture, adjust your watering routine, and ensure you’re following a proper fertilization schedule. Prune any severely affected leaves.

Is Philodendron Bipennifolium Suitable for Beginners?

Yes, Philodendron Bipennifolium is generally considered a beginner-friendly plant. It’s relatively low-maintenance and forgiving of occasional care mistakes, making it an excellent choice for novice plant enthusiasts.

What Should I Do If My Philodendron Bipennifolium Becomes Leggy?

If your Philodendron Bipennifolium becomes leggy, it might be due to inadequate light. To address this, move it to a spot with more indirect sunlight, prune any excessively long stems, and consider rotating the plant regularly to promote even growth.

Can I Use Organic Fertilizers for My Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Yes, you can use organic fertilizers such as compost or diluted organic liquid fertilizers to feed your Philodendron Bipennifolium. These options provide natural nutrients to the plant.

Is Philodendron Bipennifolium Prone to Diseases?

Philodendron Bipennifolium is generally robust and less susceptible to diseases than some other houseplants. However, overwatering or poor drainage can lead to root rot. To prevent this, maintain appropriate soil moisture levels and ensure proper drainage.

Can I Grow Philodendron Bipennifolium Hydroponically?

While it’s possible to grow Philodendron Bipennifolium hydroponically, it’s not the most common method for this plant. It’s typically grown in traditional potting soil, but hydroponic enthusiasts can experiment with this method if they have the expertise.

Can I Prune My Philodendron Bipennifolium to Control Its Size?

Yes, you can prune your Philodendron Bipennifolium to control its size and shape. Regular pruning helps maintain a compact and attractive appearance, and it can also encourage bushier growth. Use clean and sharp cutting tools for the best results.

How Do I Deal with Brown Leaf Tips on My Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Brown leaf tips can be caused by low humidity, over-fertilization, or salt buildup in the soil. To address this issue, increase humidity levels around the plant, avoid over-fertilizing, and flush the soil occasionally to remove excess salts.

What Is the Best Location Indoors for My Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Choose a spot with bright, indirect sunlight for your Philodendron Bipennifolium. It thrives in medium to bright filtered light, but avoid placing it in direct sunlight, which can scorch the leaves.

Can I Use Artificial Lighting for My Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Yes, you can use artificial lighting, such as fluorescent or LED grow lights, to supplement natural light for your Philodendron Bipennifolium, especially in spaces with limited sunlight. Ensure the light source is placed at an appropriate distance to avoid burning the leaves.

Is It Normal for Philodendron Bipennifolium Leaves to Droop at Night?

Yes, it’s entirely normal for Philodendron Bipennifolium leaves to slightly droop at night, as part of their natural growth behavior. They typically perk up again during the day as they adjust to changes in light and humidity.

What Should I Do If My Philodendron Bipennifolium Stops Growing?

If your Philodendron Bipennifolium appears to have stalled in growth, review its care routine. Ensure it’s receiving adequate light, proper watering, and regular fertilization during the growing season. Additionally, consider repotting if the plant has outgrown its current container.

How Can I Prevent My Philodendron Bipennifolium from Becoming Leggy?

To prevent legginess, provide sufficient indirect light, rotate the plant regularly, and prune the stems that have become excessively long. This will encourage a more compact and bushy growth habit.

Are There Any Allergenic Qualities Associated with Philodendron Bipennifolium?

Philodendron Bipennifolium contains calcium oxalate crystals, which, if ingested, can cause mild irritation in humans and pets. While it’s not highly toxic, it’s essential to keep it out of reach of children and animals to avoid any potential discomfort.

Can I Place My Philodendron Bipennifolium Outdoors During the Summer?

Yes, you can move your Philodendron Bipennifolium outdoors during the summer months, but ensure it’s placed in a shaded or partially shaded location. Gradually acclimate the plant to outdoor conditions to prevent shock.

What Is the Lifespan of Philodendron Bipennifolium?

With proper care, Philodendron Bipennifolium can live for many years and continue to thrive. Some well-maintained specimens have been known to live for several decades, making it a long-lasting and rewarding houseplant.

How Do I Prevent Overwatering My Philodendron Bipennifolium?

To prevent overwatering, always allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Use well-draining soil and pots with drainage holes to ensure excess water can escape. Additionally, avoid leaving the plant in standing water.

Is Philodendron Bipennifolium Prone to Pests When Grown Indoors?

While indoor plants are generally less susceptible to pests than outdoor ones, Philodendron Bipennifolium can still attract common houseplant pests like mealybugs and spider mites. Regular inspections and preventive measures, such as maintaining humidity, can help keep these pests at bay.


Growing and caring for Philodendron Bipennifolium can be a rewarding experience for any plant enthusiast. By following these guidelines and tips, you can ensure that your Horsehead Philodendron thrives and graces your home with its unique beauty. Remember to provide the right environment, water it adequately, and watch it flourish.